Southeast Asian Rainforest





Abiotic Factors

· The Southeast Asian rainforest is 3,100 mile long chain of about 20,000 islands, between Asia and Australia.
· Winds called monsoons control much of the climate.
· Southeast Asian rainforests have four different seasons; the winter northeast monsoon, the summer southwest monsoon and two intermonsoon seasons
· The northeast monsoon season is from November to March and has steady winds the blow from north to northeast that blow from 10 to 30 knots.
· These winds blow all the way into Siberia and bring typhoons and other severe weather
· The southwest monsoon is from late May to September
· The winds don’t blow as hard the weather is more dry.
· It still rains every day but not as much
· During the intermonsoon season the winds are light.
· All season are hot and humid there is also very little seasonal change in temperature
· There is many endangered animals in the southeast Asian rainforest including Orangutans
· The average temperature per year is 80 degrees and high humidity and lots of rain
· 95 degrees Fahrenheit is the high temperature for tropical rainforest
· The climate is very humid and sticky because southeast Asia is surrounded by oceans
· The average humidity is 70% to 90%
· The annual precipitation is heavy; from 60 inches to over 100 inches
· The latitude range of this climate is 16 degrees south to 20 degrees North latitude, and longitude range is from 95 degrees to 130 degrees East

Biotic Factors

Animals

· Bengal Tiger
· Palm civet
· Dawn bat
· Jambu fruit dove
· King cobra
· Orangutan Proboscis monkey
· Red-shanked douc langur
· Silvery gibbon
· Slender Loris
· Sumatran
· Wagler pit viper

§ Bengal Tiger…eats: wild oxen and other animals which eat plants so it helps the food web. Common
§ Palm civet…eats: small vertebrate’s insects and ripe fruit and seeds.
§ Dawn bat…eats: pollen and nectar [favorite flowers are the mangrove apple]
§ Jambu fruit dove…eats: eat fruit directly from trees
§ King cobra…eats: mainly other snakes or lizards frogs or small mammals…predators: mongoose humans and birds of prey
§ Orangutan…eats: eats fruits and nuts and bark and occasionally birds….predators: humans.
§ Proboscis monkey…eats: leaves mainly
§ Red-shanked douc langur …eats: mostly leaves and high fibers
§ Silvery gibbon…eats: flowers and young leaves
§ Slender Loris…eats: Insect’s slugs young leaves flowers and occasionally eggs
§ Sumatran rhinoceros…eats: wild durian mongoose figs bamboo and plant species
§ Wagler pit viper…eats: lizard’s birds and rodents [mice]


Plants

· Bengal Bamboo
· Jambu
· Kapok Tree
· Mangrove Forests
· Strangler figs
· Tualang
· Rock bees

§ Bengal Bamboo
§ Bambusa tulda is mainly used by the Indian paper pulping industry. It is also used for furniture, making baskets and reinforcing concrete. This type of bamboo is used to make a sacred flute called the "Eloo". It is also used for fishing rods. It is one of the most useful species of Bambusa.
§ Durian (Fruit)- humans
§ Other animals, like monkeys, gibbons, fruit doves, tapirs, orangutans and man enjoy the fruit of the durian.
§ The durian is dependent on a small nocturnal bat, called the Dawn Bat, for its pollination.
§ Jambu
§ monkeys, gibbons and jambu fruit doves rely on jambu as part of their diet
§ Kapok Tree
§ Their branches provide a habitat for countless epiphytes, which provide food and shelter for many types or animals. They allow animals to move around the rainforest without coming down to the ground. Monkeys who venture out to the tops of emergent trees are easy prey for eagles.
§ Mangrove Forests
§ Mangrove forests are also nesting sites for many shore birds and home to crab eating monkeys and proboscis monkeys, fishing cats, lizards, sea turtles, and many more animals. For many species of fruit bats, like the dawn bat, mangrove blossoms and fruit make up a large part of their diet.
§ Strangler figs
§ Some even have two different kinds of trees in the same species; one tree only bear cyconia with short-styled flowers for the wasps to lay eggs in caprifigs. The other tree sets seeds are delicious so animals will eat them and disperse their seeds. The caprifigs are hard and unappetizing and the wasps can develop without the danger of being eaten
§ Tulane
§ Rock bees1b_rainforest_orangutan_foodweb.JPGImportantance
§ They need the rain forest to survive
§ They need fruit and nuts to stay alive
§ The live in the trees to hide from pray and get food
§ Their long arms help them swing from tree to tree
§ Build nest type plate forms above 40 feet off the ground
§ Young stay with their mother 3 to 4 years
§ Males territories don’t overlap each others like females and
Males do

§ Live up to 45 years old
§ Humans are the only predators
§ Seriously endangered animal
Rain forest is being cut down so the orangutans are endangered


Threats
§ Trees are being cut down by chainsaws
§ Trees are being burned down to make room for agriculture or palm oil plantations
§ Logging is taking place in 37 of the country’s 41 national parks
§ Palm oil is a large Biofuel these days and people are wanting Southeast Asian Ecosystem


Conservation plan
Instead of putting palm oil plantations in the rainforest, maybe put it somewhere else. Recycle the recyclable items so nobody will have to cut down that much trees and will not kill the rainforest and the plants and animals in it. Logging is taking place in 37 of the country’s 41 national parks so we should cut that down also by recycling.
You can also reduce the timber harvesting. Reports say that up to 98% of orangutans will be gone by 2022. Habitat loss is 30% higher than before.
Those are some reasons to help save the southeast Asian rainforest please help save the orangutans and the other wonderful plants and animals in this lovely rainforest.




Attributions

http://www.flickr.com/photos/82538566@N00/2399386867
http://www.flickr.com/photos/82538566@N00/3569299021
http://www.flickr.com/photos/82538566@N00/503804320
http://www.flickr.com/photos/28837956@N00/91025435
http://www.flickr.com/photos/82538566@N00/3569303265bb
http://www.flickr.com/photos/81247086@N00/223527848
http://www.flickr.com/photos/82538566@N00/1324888378
http://www.flickr.com/photos/77588404@N00/3562652908
http://www.flickr.com/photos/62518311@N00/4291266048
http://www.flickr.com/photos/12817132@N07/3374939430
http://www.flickr.com/photos/7294038@N04/511120633
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_a_Proboscis_Monkey.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red-shanked_Douc_(3091716427).jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jambu_Fruit_Dove.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frog_on_bough.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:King_Cobra_045.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Silvery_Gibbon_(Hylobates_moloch).jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BambooJI1.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LorisLyd1.png
http://www.flickr.com/photos/12187063@N02/3943984935
http://www.flickr.com/photos/12289718@N00/2798954946
http://www.flickr.com/photos/70936800@N00/3727425102
http://www.flickr.com/photos/83199342@N00/2544476207